theism n : the doctrine or belief in the existence of a God or gods [ant: atheism]
Etymology, originally from ''θεός (Theós) "god".
- Croatian: teizam
- Czech: teismus
- Danish: teisme
- Dutch: theïsme
- French: théisme
- Finnish: teismi
- German: Theismus
- Korean: 유신론 (有神論, yusinron)
- Polish: teizm
- Portuguese: teísmo
- Russian: теизм
- Spanish: teísmo
- Turkish: teizm
Theism is the belief in the existence of one or more divinities or deities. There is also a narrower sense in which theism refers to the belief that one or more divinities are immanent in the world, yet transcend it, along with the idea that divinity(s) is/are omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent. Theism contrasts with nontheism, the state of not believing in deities.
The term is attested in English from 1678, and was probably coined to contrast with atheism, a term that is attested from ca. 1587 (see the etymology section of atheism for details).
Divisions by numbers of deities
MonotheismMonotheism is the belief that there is only one deity.
- Inclusive monotheism: The belief that there is only one deity, and that all other claimed deities are just different names for it. The Hindu denomination of Smartism is an example of inclusive monotheism.
- Exclusive monotheism: The belief that there is only one deity, and that all other claimed deities are distinct from it and false — either invented, demonic, or simply incorrect. Most Abrahamic religions, and the Hindu denomination of Vaishnavism (which regards the worship of anyone other than Vishnu as incorrect) are examples of exclusive monotheism.
PolytheismPolytheism is the belief that there is more than one deity. In practice, polytheism is not just the belief that there are multiple gods; it usually includes belief in the existence of a specific pantheon of distinct deities.
Within polytheism there are hard and soft varieties:
Polytheism is also divided according to how the individual deities are regarded:
- Henotheism: The belief that there may be more than one deity, but one is supreme.
- Monolatry: The belief that there may be more than one deity, but only one should be worshiped.
- Kathenotheism: The belief that there is more than one deity, but only one deity at a time should be worshiped. Each is supreme in turn.
Divisions by natures of deities
- Misotheism: the belief that some god or gods are evil.
- Pantheism: The belief that the physical universe is equivalent to God, and that there is no 'division'.
- Panentheism: Like Pantheism, the belief that the physical universe is joined to God. However, it also believes that God is greater than the universe.
- Cosmotheism: The belief that man is The Creator. Man and the cosmos are one, thus the will of man is the will of the cosmos and the will of the cosmos is the will of man.
- Deism is the belief that a god or gods exists, but does not interact with the known universe.. It typically rejects supernatural events (prophecy, miracles) and divine revelation prominent in organized religion, along with holy books and revealed religions that assert the existence of such things. Instead, Deism holds that religious beliefs must be founded on human reason and observed features of the natural world, and that these sources reveal the existence of a supreme being as creator.
theism in Catalan: Teisme
theism in Danish: Teisme
theism in German: Theismus
theism in Estonian: Teism
theism in Modern Greek (1453-): Θεϊσμός
theism in Spanish: Teísmo
theism in French: Théisme
theism in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Theismo
theism in Italian: Teismo
theism in Latvian: Teisms
theism in Luxembourgish: Theismus
theism in Lithuanian: Teizmas
theism in Dutch: Theïsme
theism in Norwegian: Teisme
theism in Uzbek: Teizm
theism in Polish: Teizm
theism in Portuguese: Teísmo
theism in Russian: Теизм
theism in Simple English: Theism
theism in Slovak: Teizmus
theism in Finnish: Teismi
theism in Swedish: Teism
theism in Turkish: Teizm
theism in Ukrainian: Теїзм
theism in Yiddish: טאאיזם
theism in Chinese: 有神论
acosmism, adoration, allotheism, anthropolatry, anthropomorphism, anthropotheism, autotheism, churchgoing, conformity, cosmotheism, cultism, deism, devotedness, devotion, devoutness, ditheism, dualism, dutifulness, dyotheism, faith, faithfulness, henotheism, hylotheism, love of God, monolatry, monotheism, multitheism, myriotheism, observance, pantheism, physicomorphism, physitheism, pietism, piety, piousness, polytheism, psychotheism, religion, religionism, religiousness, reverence, tetratheism, theopantism, theriotheism, tritheism, veneration, worship, worshipfulness, zootheism